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        1. 您所在的位置為,您可以點擊按鈕進入最近分校區
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          陳莉

          時間:2014-01-24 10:29:00   來源:中建尚學


           

                 陳莉
                 報讀班型:
          造價員(應試+實操班)
                 導讀:實際操作過程中,最主要的是把定額計算規則記熟了。之后的事
                 就是找規律了,之后用EXCEL制表,自動計算。


          造價人員經驗心得

            建筑工程預算,其實沒什么高深的技術,能看懂圖紙,會加減乘除、開方也就夠了。如果你能把科學計算器用熟的話,那工作就更簡單了。預算員很好做,特別是從技術口轉到預算口,那就更容易了。做預算不難,做好了就不容易,難就難在經驗積累上。

            上大學的時候,都預算的老師能把定額全背下來。他提問題,你答不上來,他會說,翻開定額第幾頁第幾條。這算不算經驗呢?我覺得,不一定。預算這東西,本來就是一個熟練工種。我不記定額,翻開定額看,也能把預算做出來。記定額有一個好處,領導什么時候問,什么時候都能馬上回答。

            預算是算錢的,財務也是算錢的,但二者最大的區別就是:財務不能有一分錢的差,預算可以有非常大的差。一般認為,3~5%以內就算準確。同一圖紙同一個做三次預算,總造價一定是不同的。

            高水平的預算是什么樣呢?預算水平不一定高,計算工程量有可能會出現很大的笑話。他高在哪里?實際經驗。

            如何積累經驗?個人有個人的做法。實際操作必不可少。

            實際操作過程中,最主要的是把定額計算規則記熟了。之后的事就是找規律了,之后用EXCEL制表,自動計算。我每次做預算,都是根據不同的工程做出不同的表,然后輸入基本數據,也就是墻中心線、外墻凈長線,內墻凈長線等。舉個例子來說,計算一個房間的工程量時,我只需要輸入內墻凈長線、門窗尺寸、房間凈高就可以自動計算出內墻涂料、地面、天花的工程量。這是一個技巧,可以提高計算速度和準確率。當然,有些小地方可能考慮不到,沒關系,預算工程量本來就不是要求百分之百的準確。

            怎樣寫招標文件。招標文件寫的好與不好,直接關系到結算的效果。寫招標文件,有很多模板可以利用。但要注意,工程性質、地質情況、現場交通情況等要描述清。另外,對該工程要仔細考慮,把可能發生的情況都要寫進招標文件,特別是機電工程和裝飾工程,一定要把設備材料要求寫進去。對于施工階段的變更情況的要求也要寫清。比如什么樣的變更不計經驗洽商,多少金額的變更不計洽商等。最重要的一點,是對施工單位的資質描述,這非常重要。很多變更情況都是可以在這樣資質的施工單位可以考慮到的而不用進行經濟洽商。其它的問題,記住,不要照搬模板,一定要把每一個字都看清,思考每一個字。

          上一篇: 陳秋鳳

          下一篇: 陳磊

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